ADHD as Impairment of Executive Functions
In the context of ADHD, the term executive functions
refers to a wide range of central cognitive functions that
play a critical role for all individuals as they manage
multiple tasks of daily life. One model of EF includes the
following six clusters of cognitive functions that tend to
be impaired in individuals with ADHD.
1. Activation: organizing tasks and materials,
estimating time, prioritizing tasks, and getting
started on work tasks.
2. Focus: focusing, sustaining focus, and shifting
focus to tasks. They say they are distracted easily not only by
things that are going on around them but also by
their own thoughts.